Perth Glossary Of Dental Terms F to G


This is a glossary of terms for your information.

Aria Dental recommends that you understand dental terms and words that may be used in the course of dialogue with our Dentists and Dental Staff.

Please do not hesitate to seek further clarification, if necessary.

All our staff will be happy to assist in your understanding.


  • Facing: Tooth coloured overlay on the visible portion of a crown that is made of acrylic, composite or porcelain.
  • Filling: Restoration of lost tooth structure with metal, porcelain or resin materials.
  • Fistula: The channel that emanates pus from an infection site.
  • Flap Surgery: The lifting of gum tissue to expose underlying tooth and bone structures.
  • Forceps: An instrument used for removal of teeth.
  • Fossa: The valley found on the surface of posterior teeth.
  • Freeway Space: The distance between the upper and lower teeth with the lower jaw in rest position.
  • Frenectomy: The removal or reshaping of thin muscle tissue that attaches the upper or lower lips to the gum, or the tongue to the floor of the mouth.
  • Full Denture: A removable dental prosthesis (appliance) that replaces all upper or lower teeth.
  • Full Mouth Reconstruction: Extensive rehabilitation of oral health, function and aesthetics, often involving the use of dental crowns, bridges and dental implants. It may be required due to having heavily broken-down teeth, infected teeth, missing teeth, severe tooth wear and bite discrepancies.


  • General Anaesthesia: Controlled state of unconsciousness, accompanied by a loss of pain sensation, protective reflexes, and the ability to respond purposefully to physical stimulation or verbal command.
  • Geographic Tongue: Benign changes in the usual colour and texture of tongue that does not require treatment.
  • Gingiva: Gum tissue.
  • Gingivectomy: The surgical removal of gum tissue.
  • Gingivitis: The inflammation of gum tissue.
  • GTR: Guided tissue regeneration – a new technique for replacing bone and gum tissue.
  • Gum Boil: See Fistula
  • Gum Recession: The exposure of dental roots due to shrinkage of the gums as a result of abrasion, periodontal disease or surgery.